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Irrigation project poised to transform agrarian economy of Telangana


Hyderabad, Work is being carried out on war footing at the Kaleshwaram Lift Irrigation Project (KLIP) that will bring relief to farmers by irrigating their fields as well as provide drinking water in parched areas of Telangana. With the total cost of the project pegged at Rs 80,000 crore, it envisages construction of barrage across river Godavari at Medigadda near Kaleshwaram, and two more barrages between Medigadda and Sripada Yellampally Project at Annaram and Sundilla. When completed, the project will transform the agrarian economy of Northern Telangana. The entire project is scheduled to be completed by June 2022.The project will convey water to the command area spread over in 13 districts of Telangana through a network of canals, tunnels, lift systems and reservoirs for irrigating an area of 18,25,700 acres against the original proposed area of 16,40,000 acres. The entire project works are divided into seven links and 28 packages. As a large area exists in the middle reaches of Godavari covering uplands of the state spread over seven erstwhile districts where only lift irrigation is feasible, the project will serve the backward and drought-prone areas. The main objectives of the Kaleshwaram project is diversion of 180 TMC of Godavari water to Sripada Rao Yellampally project and subsequently to Mid Manair Reservoir by lifting. It will create an additional ayacut of about 18.26 lakhs acres in seven erstwhile districts including drinking water and industrial requirements to Hyderabad and Secunderabad. The other objective of the project is to restore the ground water level to its original state by the way of shifting from usage of groundwater for irrigation to usage of surface water and conjunctive use of groundwater for the same. Talking to media about the project, Telangana Irrigation Minister T Harish Rao said till date, the state government has spent about Rs 35,000 crore on the project. Telangana Chief Minister K Chandrasekhar Rao had met Prime Minister Narendra Modi and urged him to grant Rs 20,000 crore for the project, he said. The Minister said it is the costliest multipurpose project at the cost of Rs 80, 000 crore and is a collection of 19 projects, comprising 21 pumphouses, 22 lifts and 19 reservoirs. He said in the past 20 months, the work is being carried out on the project round-the-clock in three shifts.' Our CM met the PM to make this project a national project. We demand Centre to support the project,’’ he said. The Minister said under the project, work at two barrages – Annaram and Sundilla will be completed by July-end. These two barrages will lift water from Godavari and take it up to Yellampally reservoir while other barrage at Medigadda will be ready by January 1, 2019, he said. The irrigation project will require digging of 20 reservoirs in 13 districts, which will have the total capacity of holding 145 TMC water. All these reservoirs will be interconnected through a network of tunnels running through 330 kilometre. The underground pumphouse is being constructed at Laxmipur by Megha Engineering and Infrastructure Limited (MEIL) which is also currently executing three projects for developing urban infrastructure in Amaravathi, the new capital region of Andhra Pradesh. Talking to reporters about the under construction underground pumping station, MEIL director B Srinivas Reddy claimed that no other irrigation project in the world has ever used 139 MW capacity underground pumping station with seven units. 'We will start using five pumps out of total seven in package-8 of this project in the next two months,' he said.About 330 metres below the ground level at Laxmipur village in Karimnagar, an engineering marvel is taking shape and giving hope to farmers in several districts of getting water for irrigation. Generally, pump houses for lift irrigation projects are built at ground level near river banks to pump water to higher elevation. However, Kaleshwaram Lift Irrigation Scheme (KLIS) is unique in its respect. The depth of this super structure is about one third of a kilometer below the ground. The pump house has been built to pump 3 TMC of water per day. The Ramadugu pumping station, one of the four stages of the Kaleshwaram Lift Irrigation Scheme (KLIS), considered being unique and the biggest in the world will have seven pumps each with 139 MW capacities. The discharge capacity of this single electric pump is so huge that it can fill the Hussain Sagar Lake in Hyderabad city in just a couple of days. If switched on at the same time, the seven pumps together can discharge 21,000 cusecs of water. While only a few of such massive engineering creations are found around the world, a gigantic pumping station like this is considered a first of its kind in the world. Each pump in the pumping station can discharge 89.14 Cubic metre per second (cumecs) of water and all the seven pumps together will lift 624 Cumecs of water.

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