The 16 states of India are facing rain devastation and Kerala the gateway of monsoon in India is a peril. About 40 persons have died and about 40,000 people were evacuated sent to relief camp. The Red and Orange alert have been sounded in the State.
Geographically the Kerala is more on length and less in vide size. Its entire west in located on Arab sea. It is state of backwaters also and river transport here in just like local trains and buses. The entire state is waterlogged.
It is Mumbai like situation, on both Mumbai and Kerala being sea shore state can drain out rain water quickly but now there are not outlet left and has resulted in sea on land also. Entire Western, Southern and Eastern Cost of India are located on seacoast of Arabian Sea.
Indian ocean and Bay of Bengal and fortunate to have 2 monsoon – the summer and winter rains. But due to heavy population there are very heavy pressure on land also and the first and direct impact or calamity is construction are over without any provision for drainage system. In Bhopal 2 year back the capital was flooded because of construction the nullahs also.
Presently besides Kerala the Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand are facing twin devastation of high floods in the hilly rivers and sever landslides. In Uttarakhand even mountains are collapsing in rivers and creating lakes by blocking the river flow.
India being an agricultural country always eagerly awaits monsoon rains as a boon but now every rains from the very beginning are floods, water logging, submergence. The entire water is flowing out because there are still no infrastructure of accumulate it as there are no enough water bodies to store.
Despite so much of rainfall we are facing the problem of depleting underground water. If there are deficient rain in some year the nation faces the water crisis.
Presently West Bengal, Sikkim, Himachal, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha, Arunachal and Chhattisgarh are facing rain devastation. Presently the Madhya Pradesh is in safe zone. In the south the Andhra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala are facing rain furry.
Every year almost every state spend crores of rupees as flood control measures and schemes but not a single state so far said that floods are in control there.
The only ways to control floods are to have water outlets everywhere and water bodies to store rain water that will also create underground water also.