Chronicle Reporter, Vidisha
In Vidisha large numbers of labourers have migrated for work from different districts and even other states. Migrated labourers are working at many sites like Construction of Medical College, Auditorium, Sewage Line, Amrit Jal Yojna and many other sites. Children of labourers are also migrated with them to the work place.
Mostly labourers are Adivasi belonging to Gujrat, Jhabua, Thagla, Ratlam and other places. When Central Chronicle Reporter visited the places where these labourers with their wives and children are staying, it was seen that most of the children were deprived of basic needs concerning to health, nutrition, education, sanitation and hygiene. Children don’t go to any school, they go for defecation with their parents in open, under hot sun they seek place to save themselves, they are not entitled to play.
Unorganized Sector Workers Social Security Act 2008 and the MP Asangathiti Kamgar Kalyan Yojna holds big role on this issue but it seems to be only on paper.
Labourers’ families do not access to Central governments’ various schemes for Unorganized Sector workers such as maternity benefits, old age pension, health and disability and State governments’ various welfare schemes, such as housing,education for children . In chacha Nehru’s country and in Mama Shivraj’s home Vidisha, migrant children are living in such a bad condition.
LABOUR MIGRATION -
Migration of people within the country from one district to another, one State to another and from rural to urban India has become an everyday phenomenon for daily earning . Thousands of people, including women and children,move either on a temporary basis, but largely the movement is for a short duration in demand of job for daily earning.
CHILDREN ACCOMPANYING FAMILIES –
When families go to another place for earning Bread and Butter, children also migrate with them. Most such children are forced to leave schools as there are no institutional arrangements at work place.
They suffer from lack of healthcare, safety and wellbeing. Later they get inducted into employment , there are no facilities available to meet their specific developmental needs. Older children accompanying their parents tend to become part of the workforce. Girls are engaged in domestic work of fetching water, fuel wood and taking care of siblings on site.
Since families either live in temporary structures provided by contractors or in slums/outlying areas, the local administration does not include children of migrants to provide them access to basic entitlements to health, nutrition, education,sanitation and hygiene and other services available through anganwadis, schools, local PHCs and hospitals etc.
The families are treated as outsiders, who lack every basic facilities. Worksites are not women-friendly and they face health/life risks, often lack secure shelter,toilet,drinking water, women are denied maternity entitlements. Lactating mothers are sometimes deprived of breastfeeding breaks at worksites .