Do and Learn-Paddy Craft of Orissa


Chronicle Reporter, Bhopal, Under the education programme ‘Do and Learn’ organised by Indira Gandhi Rashtriya Manav Sangarahalaya (IGRMS) participant learnt Paddy Craft of Orissa artist from Limbhatta, Odissa. On the last day of the programme the artists Shadda Shiv Munda and Arjun Munda answered the questions of registered participants. No formal tools are used for making these tribal craft of Orissa. The raw material required is mainly un-husked paddy seeds of uniform size. The only other raw material that is needed is thin bamboo sticks and strong yarn in red, green and yellow colours. The process involves tying by hand each individual paddy seed to two thin bamboo sticks that are placed parallel to each other at a minute distance but are sufficiently close enough to hold the paddy seeds tightly in a straight line. This is a very painstaking and repetitive job that requires high degree of concentration and unmatched dexterity. Each and every seed of paddy has to be knotted individually. Garlands of paddy seeds are thus formed with different colored threads which are then pieced together to give different shapes. The length of each of these paddy garlands is approximately one yard. About 10-11 paddy garlands are required to create one pieces of Lord Ganesh in a medium size. Each of these pieces is sold at a nominal rate. After household chores are over women and children usually perform the hard task of making the paddy garlands in their spare time; both the men and women then craft the final images.