First Time 7 Points Fall in Child Mortality Rate in MP


Chronicle Reporter, Bhopal Sample Registration Survey (SRS-2016) issued recently by the Union Government has shown a big fall of 7 points in Madhya Pradesh’s child mortality rate. As a result, the child mortality rate in the children below 5 years of age has become 55 per thousand live births from 62 of year 2015. This fall has been registered owing to the Dastak Abhiyan, various health schemes and other efforts begun by the state government. Assam has bagged the first place with 10 points and Madhya Pradesh secured second place with 7 points among the states of the country, where maximum fall has been registered. Fall of 4 points has been registered in the child mortality rate in the country. This rate has reported as 39 per thousand live birth from 43 in the year 2015. It may be mentioned that Pneumonia 14 percent, dysentery 9.2 percent , severe malnutrition 45 percent and severe anemia are the main reason of child mortality rate. Keeping in view this, action is being taken to identify children, treatment and its management by visiting house to house during the interval of 6 months under the Dastak Abhiyan in the state. Under the campaign, vitamin A dose is being administered to the children aged between 9 months to 5 years to develop disease resistant power. Free blood is being transfused to the children suffering from severe anemia, which is protecting them from the childhood’s diseases. Distribution of zinc tablets and administration of ORS for protection from dysentery, suggestion for proper infant and child food is being given to the people. Families of remote areas are being made aware of children’s health and nutrition. This important fall in the child mortality rate has been registered first time in the state as a result of these efforts. Between the period June 15 to July 31, 2017, under the first phase of Dastak Abhiyan, houses of 76 lakh children aged below 5 years of age have been reached. Severe malnutrition, anemia, pneumonia, dysentery, and birth deformities beside other diseases have been identified. The second phase is being carried out between the period from December 18, 2017 to January 18, 2018. Names of 68 lakh children have been registered and free treatment is being provided to the identified children by conducting health examination of 23 lakh children. Supplement of vitamin A has been given to increase resistance power. One thousand 5 hundred children have been admitted in the Poshan Punarvas kendras and free transport arrangements are being made for the remaining children. Blood without any cost has been transfused in 514 children and arrangements are being made for the remaining children. Moreover, free medical treatment arrangements are being made by identifying 3237 children with birth deformities. Treatment has been provided to 2245 children suffering from pneumonia and 3351 children suffering from the dysentery. Furthermore, treatment is being given by identifying 1318 children aged below 2 months old suffering from sepsis infection. Other diseases have been found in about 25 thousand chilren and arrangement for treatment is being made by the Dastak team.