The monsoon has arrived in India from its entry state Kerala four days earlier on May 28. The schedule date is June 1. The monsoon has two branches - one from Bay of Bengal known as South-Eastern Monsoon and another from the Arabian Sea known as South-Western Monsoon that arrives first from the Keala and moves upto the Western states of Karnataka, Goa, Maharashtra, Gujarat and enter into Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and moves towards Delhi.
The Bay of Bengal branch rains in Tamil Nadu, Andhra, Chhattisgarh, Eastern Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh and reaches Delhi. It is a very interesting feature of Indian monsoon that its both Eastern and Western branches unite and become one branch over the national capital Delhi and moves upwards Haryana, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Jammu and Kashmri and mighty and lengthy Himalayan range to check the monsoon clouds to remain in India and pour it down here.
It is geographically presumed that had there not been Himalaya, the India would have been hot desert like Sahara of Africa and cold desert like Gobi desert of China.
In monsoon India is considered as most fortunate country in the world, it has two monsoon one in Summer monsoon that covers the entire India. It’s period is from Mid June to Mid October. It depart in the first fortnight of October. The second is known as Winter Monsoon.
It enters from Tamil Nadu in the second fortnight of October and only rain in the Southern states of Tamil Nadu, Andhra, Kerala and Karnataka. This winter monsoon is also known as paddy monsoon.
It is gives bumper boost to paddy cultivation In the Southern states. The October is month when South West monsoon departs and Southern Winter Monsoon arrives.
In grand total monsoon remains in India in 2 phases for eight months. It is because we have seas on three sides. East, South and West and in the North the Himalayas Indinise it.
Sometimes monsoon go astray because of Nino factor in the Pacific ocean but mostly due to constantly dwindling forest cover of the country.
All the time on a national scale we were the country of rain fed agriculture and heavy forest cover in India as its guarantee and large number of mighty, middle and small rivers were our natural canals joined with lakes of nullas that are feeder of rivers and tanks. If we ignore and destroy forests than rains may also ignore us.
The rains are also likely to come to Madhya Pradesh 5 or 6 days earlier than its schedule date of June 10. The monsoon have come from South and at the same time the Northern states are severely hit by fierce dust storm right from Gujarat to Rajasthan, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Jharkhand.