The parties have launched general election campaigns. The selection of candidates are also going on but names will be declared after the notification of election by the Election Commission.
It appears that in some states like Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Karnataka, Goa, Arunachal Pradesh, Kerala, Puducherry, Uttarakhand, Punjab, Haryana, Hamachal Pradesh and Tripura the contest will be between the two national parties the ruling Bhartiya Janata Party and the Congress. The situation in Jammu-Kashmir is typical with unusual factors.
But in Andhra, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Odisha, West Bengal and Bihar the regional parties Trinamool Congress in West Bengal, Janata Dal United and Rashtriya Janata Dal in Bihar, Biju Janata Dal in Odisha, Telegu Desam in Andhra Pradesh and TRS in Telangana are the ruling parties.
Evidently they know that they alone cannot form Government at the Centre but must have enough member in the Lok Sabha to extend support to any national party who can form the Government and share power on that basis.
In Punjab and Maharashtra the Bhartiya Janata Party is closely linked with Akali Dal and Shiv Sena.In Punjab the BJP and Akali Dal have cordial relations. But in Maharashtra the Shiv Sena despite being partner in the coalition Government in the state want to maintain its political supremacy. The Shiv Sena has declared that it may go alone in the Lok Sabha elections.
In Uttar Pradesh the political situation is very complex. The state with highest number of seats 80 is a very vital factor in becoming ruling party at Centre. Presently the BJP has massive 73 seats including Prime Minister Mr.Narendra Modi from Varanasi, the Samajwadi Party five, the Congress two that of Congress President Mr.Rahul Gandhi from Amethi and Mrs. Sonia Gandhi from Rai Barailli. The BSP of Mayawati is zero.
In BJP is also a ruling party in UP with Yogi Adityanath as Chief Minister. The SP-BSP have formed joint front and divided 78 seats among it leaving 2 Congress seats in their own and one side decision. In UP the contest is going to be triangular in all seats between the BJP – the Congress and SP-BSP Front.
The BJP President Mr.Amit Shah and Congress President Mr.Rahul Gandhi both have announced that their party will contest alone in UP.
The Congress after winning back the power in Punjab, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh is in a high spirit and showed that people are coming back to Congress. The BJP is in alarming situation over losing power in these three states and highly worried over its worst defeat in 2 Lok Sabha by-elections in Gorakhpur and Phulpur vacated by Yogi Adityanath and Mr.Keshav Prasd Mourya on becoming as being Chief Minister and Deputy Chief Minister. These defeats have indicated that BJP has lost much ground in the UP.