Tobacco responsible for heart diseases


Message Choose Health Not Tobacco conveyed, seminar held at LNCT Chronicle Reporter, Bhopal, Every minute 11 million people puff around the world and 10 people die from smoking. Tobacco is leading cause of preventable death, killing millions every year. The World Anti-Tobacco Day was celebrated with World Health organization’s message: Choose Health Not Tobacco. A special seminar was organized on the occasion to make people aware about the dangers of tobacco. Chief speaker at the seminar Dr. Ratan Vaish, professor of pulmonary medicine at JK Hospital, said the day is meant to highlight the risks associated with tobacco usage and reduce its consumption. Tobacco is the single largest cause of preventable death globally and approximately 5.5 million people die around the world every year - with India accounting for nearly a fifth of this. The primary risk of tobacco usage includes many forms of cancers. The ultimate goal is to contribute to protect present and future generations not only from these devastating health consequences, but also against the social,environmental and economic scourges of tobacco use and exposure to tobacco smoke. Dr. Ratan Vaish said tobacco is responsible for 40% cancers & 30 % heart attacks. Most tobacco related cancer patients die within one year after diagnosis. People who use tobacco products or who are exposed to tobacco smoke (second hand smoke) are at high risk for cancer. Tobacco products have many chemicals that cause to damage to DNA, leading to cancer. Dr Vaish further said tobacco use causes many types of cancers including cancer of the lung, larynx (voice box), mouth, esophagus, throat, bladder, kidney, liver, stomach, pancreas, colon and rectum, and cervix. People who use smokeless tobacco (chewing tobacco Gutkha) have increased risks of oral, tongue, cheek, jaw bone cancers. Most patients start the tobacco habits between 11-16 years of age. Dr Vaish said over one in two people in India are exposed to secondhand smoke at home and 29% at Public Places. More than 4000 chemicals in tobacco smoke, of which at least 250 are known to be harmful and more than 50 are known to cause cancer. He said tobacco use is the second most significant cause of Cardiovascular Diseases (CVD) after hypertension. CVD itself accounts for about 31 percent of all deaths worldwide. According to data available from the last National Family Health Survey in India, 45 percent of all men and seven percent of women in the age group of 15-49 are tobacco users. A human chain was also formed in the city on the occasion to raise awareness against tobacco consumption. The speakers said although tobacco use has been linked with a wide spectrum of illnesses including cancer, lung disease, diabetes, eye disease and arthritis, about 12 percent of all deaths from heart disease can be attributed to tobacco use including second hand smoke. The WHO describes tobacco use as an epidemic associated with rising stress levels, unhealthy eating habits, work hours and sleep routines. About seven million people succumb to diseases directly attributable to tobacco use of whom, about 900,000 are non-smokers regularly exposed to second hand smoke.